A guide for the overseas self drive, self sufficient, vehicle dependent visitor in Africa

Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do then by the things you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from safe harbour. Catch the tradewinds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.

                                                                                              Mark Twain 

Safari Zambia - On road and Offroad

With the information in the following pages, you can design a camping itinerary throughout Zambia or one using inexpensive or moderate accommodations. For an upmarket lodges and bush camps itinerary, I would suggest looking at Tracks4Africa maps for locations and distances or you can contact me for assistance. Then checking availability with an incountry travel agent or doing this yourself.

Premier Tours Airfare USA to Africa


Travelers Currency Cheatsheet    create and print currency converter tables for your next trip


Scandinavia Express Services - bus


Mazhandu Family Bus Services   Lusaka, Livingstone, Kazungula, Francistown and Katima Mulilo - 6 departure times daily on the Livingstone-Lusaka route, the earliest - 06.00 hrs, latest 20.00 hrs.  ~ 7 hours. 


Zambia has a well deserved reputation with those looking for Africa unadorned – small personal safari camps and lodges, good food, cold drinks, comfortable accommodations, culture, great guides, excellent wildlife, an informal character, and adventurous activities around every corner.


Zambia is a stable, English speaking, democratic nation.  There are over 73 dialects spoken in Zambia, but the official language is English. All media and business is in English and most Zambians speak it fairly well. Bemba is the next most commonly understood language, followed by Nyanja, Tonga, Luvale, Lozi, Mambwe and Tumbuka.


Famous for it’s walking safaris through wildlife rich national parks. Visitors may also enjoy day and night wildlife viewing drives in open 4x4 vehicles, boating safaris, canoeing safaris, white water rafting, and traditional tribal ceremonies. Numerous opportunities to enjoy your own safari in remote and wild parts of Africa in untouched wilderness with abundant and varied wildlife. Excluding a few of the urban areas, Zambia is known to be a safe country to explore.


The best time to visit South Luangwa, Lower Zambezi and North Luangwa National Parks is June-October, and Kafue is July-October when the grass level is low, foliage not as dense, and game is easier to see. Many of the rivers will have dried up and the game is concentrated around the lagoons and oxbow lakes — making game viewing all the more spectacular. Game viewing is fairly good in November, April and May. December-March is the hot and humid rainy season when foliage becomes thicker, making wildlife more difficult to spot.


General Information




The currency is the Zambian kwacha (ZMK). American Express and Visa cards are accepted in major supermarkets, restaurants, stores, and hotels in Lusaka and Victoria Falls. Normally, travelers can withdraw money (in local currency) from ATMs. However, from time to time, the banks lose their connections with the credit card exchanges, thus making withdrawals impossible. U.S. travelers checks are easy to cash, provided travelers have identification and the original receipt to prove that they are the person who purchased the travelers checks. Zambian banks do not accept old versions of US currency. All US bank notes must have been issued since 1990.


There is no limit to the importation of foreign currency, provided it is declared on arrival through a currency declaration form.

Travellers may, for their own consumption, import 2.5 litres of duty free beer, wine or spirits and 400 cigarettes or 500gms of tobacco.

Effective April 2008-VAT has been reduced from 17.5% to 16%. 

VAT Refund Scheme For Goods Purchased By Foreign Tourists

Diesel fuel is widely available throughout Zambia. Unleaded gasoline is available in Lusaka and is slowly being introduced in other parts of Zambia. Paved roads lead from Lusaka to the Copperbelt, Chirundu (on the Zimbabwean border towards Harare), Livingstone/Victoria Falls, Tunduma (on the Tanzanian border), Mongu to the West, and the Malawi border. Dirt or gravel roads connect the capital with other parts of the country. Paved roads are generally in fair to poor condition and often are pockmarked with potholes.


Traffic moves on the left. There is no left turn on red; however, this law is not enforced. Driving on Zambian roads can be hazardous. The Great East Road in Lusaka is particularly prone to accidents. Since most roads do not have shoulders or sidewalks, pedestrians and livestock use the roadways both day and night. While the main roads in Lusaka are maintained, many secondary roads are in poor repair. Driving at night can be hazardous and is discouraged. Some vehicles do not use any headlights. Police roadblocks are common throughout the country and identity documents may be requested. 

There’s no formal assistance for breakdowns, therefore you should find passing motorists helpful for a lift to town. Don’t travel alone or you are in a fix when something goes wrong; abandoning the car by the roadside would not be a good idea!

 Police roadblocks can be a nuisance to travelers. They see you as an easy target to collect money from, and have been known to invent new offences bordering on the ridiculous. It is essential not to loose your patience but be firm, resolute and patient if you think you are in the right. “On-the-spot” fines must be accompanied by proper “admission of guilt” paperwork and only need to be paid within 7 days. Only a manifestly un-roadworthy vehicle can be impounded, not one accused of speeding! Approached the right way you, should find Zambian policemen as friendly as everyone else you meet.

Vehicles must be equipped with 2 metallic emergency triangles, white reflector stickers in front, and red reflector stickers in back. Failure to comply may result in high fines. There are no emergency services for stranded drivers. It is advisable to have a cell phone when undertaking a trip outside of town, although many parts of the country do not yet have cell phone service. Cellphones may not be used while actually driving. During the rainy season (end of October to mid-March), travelers who do not have a four-wheel drive vehicle will encounter problems driving on rural roads. The roads from Lusaka to Livingstone and the Copperbelt cities of Ndola and Kitwe are generally in good shape year-round. It is not unusual to see elephants and antelopes on or near the road while driving to Victoria Falls or in the vicinity of the Kafue National Park.

Seat belts are mandatory. The speed limit is 50 km/30 mph in Lusaka and 100 km/60 mph outside of city limits. However, speed limits are rarely respected, and most cars drive 80 km/50 mph in the city and 120 km/75 mph outside town. It is not unusual to see four-wheel drive vehicles, trucks, and buses driving at even higher speeds on the stretch between Lusaka and Livingstone. Drivers under the influence of alcohol who are involved in accidents are tested at Lusaka's University Teaching Hospital (UTH) and then taken to court. 





Valid International Drivers Licence 

     Visiting drivers must hold an International Drivers Licence.

      Drivers licences from other countries are not valid except SADC countries. South African drivers' licences are only recognised in SADC countries (Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe). It is recommended that a letter of verification be obtained from the South African Department of Transport.

Vehicle Registration Papers

Letter of Authorization for use of the vehicle if not your own.  (rented/bank lien/ borrowed from someone/leased)

Police Clearance indicating vehicle registration, chassis number and engine number. A Police Clearance is only valid for 3 months.

·         An address in Zambia where you will be staying

Carbon emissions tax  -- pay at border entry point

        in addition to the vehicle insurance, road tax fees etc.An annual fee is payable for the

        carbon tax and the rate is calculated according to the engine capacity of  the vehicle:

    Engine Capacity Unit Tax

       up to 1500cc ZMK 50,000

       1501 - 2000cc ZMK 100,000

       2001 - 3000cc ZMK 150,000

       3001 and above ZMK 200,000

   All motor cycles are charged an annual flat rate of ZMK50 000

   The US$ equivalent is also acceptable for payment.


Reported in Offroad and Outdoor e-Zine newsletter 1/09:

The new border post Zambia/Wenella border at Katima Mulilo has now been opened and looks very smart. I see that Zambia is also busy with their new border post, lets hope that this will make life a lot easier, The following charges are required at Wenella border post on the Zambia side.

• Carbon Tax +- R600.00 per vehicle depends on size of engine.

• Insurance +- R250.00 per vehicle depends on size of engine.

• Local road tax R75 to R150.00 per vehicle depends size of vehicle

• Cross Border charges US$ 20.00, must be US$ dollars

ZA sticker or country of origin sticker

2 warning triangles

Fire Extinquisher

Red and white reflector tape applied to vehicle:

 2 x white strips to the front 

 2 x red strips to the rear

  each strip minimum 75mm long x 50mm wide

  left and right side of bumpers

3rd party insurance -  --- purchase at border entry or have a  COMESA Yellow Card

Temporary Import Permit (TIP) or Carnet ---- purchase CIP/TIP at border entry- Visitors declare their goods to Customs at the point of entry and declare and produce them for inspection at the point of departure. Generally a list describing the goods, prepared in duplicate well in advance, will hasten clearance on entry. When a visitor's motor vehicle is not covered by a valid carnet, Customs will issue a customs import permit (CIP) CE-5 Form.

Trailor sign- red T on black background  


Unofficial Clearing Agents


It has been brought to our attention that there are individuals masquerading as ‘agents’ who claim they can facilitate border formalities for ‘self drive’ tourists to enter and exit Zambia.  Please do not encourage tourists to use their services simply because gaining the necessary paperwork to enter/exit Zambia is free.

Customs have also ‘computerised’ CIP (Customs Import Permits) so only the person authorised to drive the vehicle can apply for one at the Customs desk.  They will not facilitate any so called agents trying to do the same.  Zambia State Insurance also has an outlet at the border post which offers One month and more insurance policies for those requiring such cover. Again 3 or more month policies tend to be sold to unsuspecting tourists whereas a cheaper One Month policy will suffice if they are within Zambia for only 30 days.


Just outside the fenced area is also a Bureau de Change which can facilitate the changing of money for those charges which are expressed in Kwacha .

Kindly note that all transaction with the Zambia Revenue Authority (ZRA) are to be in the local currency – Kwacha


The border has in the recent months experienced an increase in the traffic volumes and ZRA management seeks to encourage positive cooperation from stakeholders for easy trade facility. 


The Kazungula Customs management has agreed to support and assist all those that request their services. Kindly feel free to inquire or seek help from them whenever it is required.


We hope all operators will brief their driver/guides to co-operate with the Customs Officials so that we can do all that we can to facilitate a smooth entry and exit of our tourists.


Yours sincerely,

Christopher Tett

Vice Chairman

Livingstone Tourism Association.    posted June 30th 2008                            


All road borders are open 24 hours a day except for Chembe, Kazungula,  Kariba and Chirundu, which are open from 06h00 to 18h00. Victoria Falls Bridge is open until 20h00.

The main border crossings are: 

From Angola: none

From Botswana: Kazungula - ferry (4x4-$20)

From the Democratic Republic of Congo: Lubumbashi – Chililabombwe

From Malawi:  Mchinji and Chitipa

From Mozambique: Cassacatiza south of Katete – Chanidan and Zumbo – Luangwa (at Lake Cabora Bassa) small boat, Missale - near Chipata

From Namibia: Near Katima Mulilo - Sesheke - Bridge

From Tanzania: Tunduma – Nakonde

From Zimbabwe: Chirundu- Bridge,  Kariba – Siavonga- Dam wall,  and Victoria Falls – Livingstone - Bridge

Road Map-

The only water access to Zambia is on Lake Tanganyika . The MV Liemba, one of the world’s oldest operating steam ships, runs scheduled services from Bujumbura in Burundi, via Kigoma in Tanzania and docks at Mpulungu in Zambia. The ferry takes vehicles, cargo and passenger in first, second and third class (not recommended). Compartments and meals are available. Delays of up to twenty four hours are possible.

Zambia has a total road length of 38763kms tarred roads, 8592kms gravel roads and 21999 kms dirt roads. Zambia is notorious for potholes and roadsigns are few, but there are major roadworks on some of the main routes at the moment as the roads are finally being upgraded.. SOme of the more remote roads require great care and caution while driving. Avoid driving at night if possible as there are no roadmarkings and potholes and animals occur when least expected. A 4x4 is recommended if you’re going anywhere off the main routes.

Petrol and diesel can be readily obtained in all major towns, but shortages are common in the very remote areas so make sure you have spare fuel for emergencies. Both petrol and diesel get more expensive the further away you are from the line of rail. Unleaded petrol is now available at most BP stations in the major towns.

Visa Information


Effective 26 January 2008 the Visa Waiver Scheme is scrapped and all visitors(that are required to have a visa) must pay the full visa fee.

VISA Fees - All visitors (except those excluded in the link below) are required to purchase a tourist visa. Visit the Zambian Immigration Website for full information.

Visitor Passport Required # of Entries Validity
British Passport Holder Single              3 months 




  Double / Multiple

3 months 


U.S. Passport Holder  Multiple Entry (only) 3 years 




All Other Nationals  Single Entry 3 months




  Double Entry                    3 months


  Multiple Entry  3 months




Day Tripper Visa                                       One Day       $20


South Africans do not require a visa.


Visas may be used for a maximum stay of 90 days per entry. 90 days per calender year. British Pound is convertible to the US Dollar only at prevailing bank rate. Double and Multiple Entry Visas are issued at Immigration Headquarters (Lusaka) and Zambian Missions abroad - Not at the Port of Entry. Single entry visas available at the Port of Entry.

**USA citizens - when applying for your visa at the Port of Entry, the Immigrations Officer has the option of writing in "ME" (Multiple Entry) or "SE" (Single Entry). If you intend on leaving Zambia and returning within 3 years, may it be just a visit to Vic Falls for a day or another safari, be sure he writes in ME AND get a receipt. It's the same price. You maybe required to show the receipt with each entry. Additionally, if you use USA currency  to purchase this visa, the money should be dated 2005 or newer. Otherwise Immigration may not accept the $$$. This statement conflicts with the previous paragraph, but alert USA citizens have managed to get Multiple Entry Visas.

Passport holders of these countries do not need a visa:

Including South Africans.


If necessary, visas can be purchased upon arrival. Please have correct money and amounts in $5 and $10 notes. (With "big heads").

The Day Tripper pass  A day tripper visa applies to all nationalities who are touring Zambia for a period not more than 24 hours (One day)
 Nov 7th 2008 Day Tripper pass reinstated at $20

If you look at the government immigration website, you will see that all the new visa fees have been listed and the day tripper visa for USD 10-00 according to this website is still in place. Immigration Livingstone does not seem to know about this and charges day visitors for the full visa fee. Many tourists coming for a helicopter flight, micro light flight or any other activity that Livingstone has to offer, or to visit Livingstone Town and the Falls, now turn back because of the hefty visa fees.

 Transit Visa   (7 day)  is the same price as a single entry visa.

Unexpired Visas remain valid,  including American 3 year Multiple Entry visas.

Visa Fees-





Once one has determined that they need a visa and the appropriate visa fee to pay, the following steps can be followed to apply for a visa.  These steps can either be performed in advance of arrival by mailing the forms to the appropriate Zambian Mission - see Missions page - or have their information and fee ready when arriving at the port of entry.


Zambia Visa Application new 2008 download pdf

   This form's instructions reflects the 2/2008 increase in fees

  1. Completion of the visa application form in duplicate (photocopies are accepted). 
  2. Obtain two recent passport size photographs signed on the back of each. Only if acquiring your visa in advance.
  3. Collect supporting documentation         


Old Visa Waiver Rules (no longer applicable)


Visa Waiver

The Zambian government has announced that fee waived visas, which have been available to tourists in Zambia for a number of years now, will only be offered to visitors staying 14 days or less. Those tourists planning to spend more than 2 weeks in Zambia will need to buy a visa on entry, except for those from exempt countries.


The rules are changing frequently but presently the rule is that most tourists (including UK, USA, Australia, New Zealand and most Europeans) should be exempted from purchasing a visa if they have documents proving they are 'bona fide' tourists (some nationals do have to obtain a visa before arriving in Lusaka such as Greek, Turkish, Indian, Chinese). This is done by a letter sent by the lodge or camp that you are staying with when you first enter Zambia to the immigration officer at the relevant port of entry.


Also a full itinerary is required to be presented by you to the immigration officer. A visa waiver is only valid if the submitting accommodation is the first stop on your itinerary. Waiving the cost of the visa is completely at immigration's discretion so please be prepared to pay if necessary. Please have correct money and amounts in $5 and $10 notes. (With "big heads" - the size of the images on the note).

You should request your first stop on your Zambian itinerary to email you a visa waiver form. There is no guarantee.

If you are driving in, good luck on the visa waiver. It frequently will depend on who you will be organizing the waiver with. I understand Chirundu doesn't do waivers.

Visiting Permit

The Visiting Permit is issued to foreign visitors who intend to ordinarily visit Zambia for a period exceeding ninety days.  The current regulation is that ordinary visitors are entitled to an accumulative ninety (90) days visit within one's calendar year. After the expiry of the initial free ninety days, if such a person wants to stay longer,  they can apply for a visiting permit for a fee which will be valid for an additional ninety day period.  Visitors should note that an application for a visiting permit must be done thirty (30) days before the expiry of the initial ninety days.

A visiting permit is issued to private visitors who want to remain in Zambia for a period in excess of ninety days.

Application Steps

  1. Complete application form (form 5 )
  2. Obtain two recent passport size photographs
  3. Gather of supporting documentation including:

·         Certified photocopies of passport

·         Bank guarantee/return air ticket

·         Letter from the host


Visiting permit fees vary depending on the goal of the person applying:







Radio Licenses

Licenses for 29Mhz radios are available from the Zambian Communications Authority. Contact Kezias Mwale at  This licence will take a while to obtain.

Zambia Communications Authority
Office of the Controller
P O Box 36871
Tel: 092601 246702
Fax: 092601 246701/2
Cost of licence: K 17554.00 (Approx: R 28.00) Valid 6 months

GSM Coverage 

Zain --  August 2008 Celtel mobile communications brand has now been discontinued across the African continent to join their sister companies in the Gulf to become ZAIN. ZAIN subscribers can now make seamless calls without roaming across 22 countries where Celtel / ZAIN now has operations, in Africa and the Middle East. Unfortunately, Mobile telecom company Zain Zambia has refused to launch a borderless network in Zambia because the Zambian government has refused to deregulate the country’s international gateway. Zambia won’t benefit from the service that has already been launched in many countries in Africa and the Middle East because of lack of open access to the international gateway.

The borderless network, dubbed “One Network,” allows subscribers to call any country where the service is available at local rates with no roaming charges. The international issue has been a bone of contention for more than five years between the Zambian government and private mobile service providers. Only the Zambia Telecommunication Company (Zamtel), a government-run communication company providing both fixed and mobile services, is allowed to operate an international gateway.

The Zambian government says its policy is grounded in national security concerns. The Zambian government monitors all international calls made through Zamtel, and Zain and the other private operator, Mobile Telecommunication Network (MTN), have to route their international calls through the telco.

Zamtel has exclusive rights to the Mwembeshi Earth Station satellite and collects revenue from the private service providers using the satellite’s facilities, including the international gateway.

Zain wants the Zambian government to provide licenses to private operators to own and operate their own international gateways, and blames the current policy for the high cost of telecommunication and the lack of investment in the mobile market, especially in rural areas.

MTN (Zambia) Ltd

Zambia Telecommunications Company Ltd (ZAMTEL)

World Map coverage

Note for AT&T Wireless Digital GSM Customers: Celtel's international roaming service has been extended to include AT&T Wireless across the USA. Customers of AT&T Wireless in the USA will be able to roam when visiting Zambia. To do this you will either need to have a Tri-band phone or just bring your SIM card with you and put it into a locally supplied phone for use whilst in Zambia.

Celtel scrapped roaming charges for its users in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda to Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo and Gabon and it plans to expand the service-  One Network - to Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Chad and Zambia. Check their website for an update. The “One Network” service allows its subscribers in countries where Celtel operates to make calls at local rates and receive incoming calls for free.
Celtel One Network   Celtel Kenya

Communication (Telephone / Post / Internet)

Country code: ++260. City code Lusaka: 1. City code Livingstone: 3. Mobile codes: 0955, 0966 and 0977
International access code from Zambia: 00
Internet code: .zm

Other important numbers: 
Police: 991
Ambulance: 992

Fire: 993 

Emergency: 999 

Calls can be made from post and telephone offices in major cities as well as from token and card phone boxes. Internet cafes are increasing in numbers in all major cities.

Post offices usually are open Monday to Friday from 9.00 to 16.00.

Telephone: Zambia Country Code= +260. Operator: 090 or 093. Outgoing code: 00
Cellphone networks: Celtel, MTN and Cell-Z
The Zambian Yellow Pages

Please note that the telephone numbers in Zambia have all changed.


Cell phone numbers:

095-123456 --> 0955-123456
096-123456 --> 0966-123456
097-123456 --> 0977-123456
098-123456 --> 0978-123456
099-123456 --> 0979-123456

Lusaka Landlines:
01 261234 --> 021 1 261234

Dialing from outside Zambia to a Lusaka landline:
260 1 261234 --> 260 21 1 261234

The old numbers discontinued working effective October 31st.


Zambia uses 220 V / 230 V / 50 Hz.
The plug either is a round pin attachment plug, has round pins with ground or is a rectangular blade plug. 
Adaptors are available at electronic stores or Game in Manda Hill.

Electrical Plugs

European plug with two circular metal pins British-style plug with two flat blades and one flat grounding blade South African/Indian-style plug with two circular metal pins above a large circular grounding pin
230V 50Hz

Public Holidays
1 January New Year's Day
2nd Monday in March Youth Day
March / April (variable) Good Friday, Holy Saturday + Easter Monday
1 May International Workers' Day
24 May Africa Day
1st Monday in July Heroes' Day
1st Tuesday in July Unity Day
1st Monday in August Farmers' Day
24 October Independence Day
25 + 26 December Christmas Day + Boxing Day
Internet Cafes:


- Zamnet-Lusaka SW crnr of Cairo & Independence Roundabout

- Zulunet - 116 Mosi-Oa-Tunya Road, Livingstone.
- Cyberian Outpost - Livingstone Adventure Centre

     216 Mosi-Oa-Tunya Road, Livingstone

- Chanters Lodge   Livingstone

      Free wireless connections in all the rooms

- Faulty Towers     Livingstone

      Free internet access and wireless hotspot

-  Zig zag Cafe   Livingstone

                       - Spider Web   Mansa

                        - Internet Cafe Namwala  opposite Namwala Market broadband

One Click Internet Café Chipata  
J K M Internet Café & Business Kabwe  
Digital World & Insomnia Café Kitwe  
Elite Apartments Livingstone Internet cafe Livingstone  
Real Time Technology Livingstone  
Blitz Internet Café & Business Centre Lusaka  
Businet Internet Café Lusaka   Kabelenga Road
D G Internet Café Ltd Lusaka  
Foresight Internet Café Lusaka  
Gra-Gigi Café Lusaka  
Internet Café Lusaka  
I-Zone Lusaka   Arcades Shopping Center
Kilimanjaro Café Lusaka  Coffee House Manda Hill Shopping Center
Microlink Lusaka  
Net-One Cyber Café Lusaka  
Post Office Lusaka  
Real Time Technology Lusaka  
Kopyco   Lusaka   Crossroads Shopping Center
Zelogix Internet Café Mazabuka  
Mushroom Lodgé Mfuwe  
Cyberdog Cafe  FlatDogs    Mfuwe  

iConnect -- Wireless broadband internet access in Zambia

If you are within about 30km of the centre of Lusaka, Livingstone, Kabwe, Kitwe, Ndola, or Namwala, you may be able to find a hotspot to connect to iConnect's high-speed internet access.

iConnect offices

Lusaka... AfriConnect House, Plot 59, Great East Road, Lusaka. Near the Engen Petrol Station/Wimpy.

Livingstone... Wild Side Tours, 131 Mosi Oa Tunya Road, Livingstone.

Kitwe and Ndola... 1st Floor Mukuba Pension House, Kitwe.

 Kabwe... Kabwe Farmer's Association Internet Cafe, 56 Chilufya Katebe Street, Kabwe.


Shopping Hours: Monday - Friday 8am - 5pm, Saturday 8am - 1pm.
· Banking Hours: Monday - Friday 8:15am - 2:30 pm.


Living in Lusaka- good information


Horseback riding(trails)

              Kafue NP   moved to Shiwa N'Gandu

                    accommodation at Kafue Horse Safari Lodge - 

              Mabula Game Farm (near Livingstone)

              Kapishya Hot Springs 

              Shiwa N’gandu


                    Between SLNP and Great N. Rd

              Munano Camp  at Chaminuku    Lusaka

              Lilayi                                            Lusaka

              Chundukwa Tree Lodge 

                    near Livingstone

              LECHWE LODGE 

                    South of Lusaka

              KUBU CABINS?  Not sure about this Nakatindi Road


              J Lazy J Farm- Lusaka Horseriding trails and polocross  230710

              Trotover Equestrian Centre Lusaka Horseriding trails

                    and polocross Tel: 223014

               Mutumbi Safari Lodge opening 4/08 30km from Blue

                    Lagoon NP

              Widlife Camp 

                     rumour has it that it is in the works

               Lion House  


Bradt Guide online (2004)




Address: Plot 169, Pemba Rd, PO Box 37226, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 265467
Fax: +260 (1) 265418

Address: Kwacha St, PO Box 10271, Chingola
Tel: +260 (2) 312253
Fax: +260 (2) 312232

CHIPATA                        mostly a basic selection
Address: PO Box 510384, Plot 8, Umozi Road
Tel: +260 (062) 22233
Fax: +260 (062) 21421

Address: Bontonga St, PO Box 80948, Kabwe
Tel: +260 (5) 222456/4901
Fax: +260 (5) 222076

KASAMA                Reopened after fire
Address: Plot 7, Mbala Road, PO Box 410476, Kasama
Tel: +260 (4) 222145/1993
Fax: +260 (4) 222188

Address: Town Centre, Matuka Ave, PO Box 22830, Kitwe
Tel: +260 (2) 229518
Fax: +260 (2) 229511

LIVINGSTONE          Closed due to fire 2007   an alternative is the Spar
Address: Kapundu Ave, PO Box 60193, Livingstone
Tel: +260 (3) 324411/2
Fax: +260 (3) 324415

Address: Zaone Avenue, PO Box 90329, Luanshya
Tel: +260 (2) 510160/030
Fax: +260 (2) 512080

LUSAKA                  Closed due to fire
Address: Cairo Road, (old NHS Building), PO Box 37226, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 221706/235272
Fax: +260 (1) 235437

Address: Kafue Road, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 231755/229886
Fax: No fax

Address: C/o Great East & Manchinchi Road, PO Box 37226, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 250313/251155
Fax: +260 (1) 255707/5

Address: PO Box 710274, Plot 309 Chitimukulu Rd, Mansa
Tel: +260 (2) 821542
Fax: +260 (2) 821549

Address: Plot 122, Off Commonwealth Rd, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 249055
Fax: +260 (1) 246704

Address: PO Box 670195, Plot Sub A Farm, 1246, Mazabuka
Tel: +260 (3) 230404/668
Fax: +260 (3) 230970

Address: Plot 306, Cold Storage Road, PO Box 37226, Mongu
Tel: +260 (7) 221397/175
Fax: +260 (7) 221712

Address: Buteko St, PO Box 40295, Mufulira
Tel: +260 (2) 412855
Fax: +260 (2) 412844

Address: President St, PO Box 71285, Ndola
Tel: +260 (2) 612121/2
Fax: +260 (2) 612124/2

SOLWEZI      Closed due to fire Jan 23, 2008 OPENING IN MARCH 2009
Address: Plot 960, Independence Road, PO Box 110108, Solwezi
Tel: +260 (8) 821478/86
Fax: +260 (8) 821113

Freshmark- Shoprite’s distributor of fresh fruit and vegetables, also operates in Zambia with a depot in Lusaka and Kitwe.

Hungry Lion

Address: PO Box 37226, Plot 120, Cairo Road, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 228253
Fax: +260 (1) 238606 (Shoprite)

Address: Plot 880, C/o Mkwazi & Freedom Way, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 231734
Fax: +260 (1) 238606 (Shoprite)

Address: PO Box 91, Plot 91, Independence Ave, Kabwe
Tel: +260 (5) 223380
Fax: +260 (5) 222576 (Shoprite)

Address: Town Centre, Matuka Avenue, Kitwe
Tel: +260 (2) 229552
Fax: +260 (2) 229511 (Shoprite)

Address: PO Box 60023, Plot 360-5, Mosi-Oa-Dunya Road, Livingstone
Tel: +260 (3) 323906
Fax: +260 (3) 324415 (Shoprite)

Address: Shoprite Centre, Shop 29, Manda Hill, Lusaka
Tel: +260 (1) 255514
Fax: +260 (1) 238606 (Shoprite)

Address: President Street, Ndola
Tel: +260 (2) 620261
Fax: +260 (2) 612041 (Shoprite)

Scandinavia Express Services  intercity bus transportation serving Lusaka to Dar, Dodoma, Mwanza, Songea, Tukuyu, Moshi, Arusha, Mombasa, Nairobia, and Kampala

TAZARA Railway - Kapiri Mposhi to Dar Es Salaam

Train routes Southern Africa

Lake Tanganyika ferry-  car(possible) and passenger service- The MV Liemba, a large ex German warship that has been converted into a passenger ferry, arrives at the port of Mpulungu every Friday morning and leaves in the afternoon for Kigoma in Tanzania w/connection to Bujumbura in Burundi.Departs Wednesday afternoon from Kigoma for Mpulungu.

Swift Freight for parts and supplies shipped from ZA 

Topo Maps-- Map office at the  Mulungushi House in Lusaka.  Look for outside stairs to a basement office, from the parking lot area.      

   Location in Google Earth  Driveway Download   Lusaka Map Sales Office.kmz   


~Distances in kilometres  from Lusaka



to Chingola



Lusaka – Petauke ~400 kms

On very good highway



  Lilaya to Kasanka     ~6 hours  Kasanka – Bangwuelu  ~5 hours  Bangwuelu – Shiwa      ~5 hours  Shiwa – Buffalo Camp ~3 hours

to Chipata


to Chirundu


to Choma


to Kabwe


to Kafue Town


to Kapiri Mposhe


to Kasama


to Kawambwa


to Kitwe


to Landless Corner


to Livingstone


to Luanshya


to Lundazi


to Mansa


to Mazabuka


to Mongu


to Mpika


to Mufulira


to Mumbwa


to Mwinilunga


to Ndola


to Nyimba


to Solwezi


to Tunduma


to Zambezi Town




Remote and  interesting tracks-- Ecotrails

            Normally, I would advise most people to caravan with at least another vehicle for all the

               following Zambian routes.


*LZNP Route Chirundu –thru to the middle of LZNP- up the escarpment to Great East Road

*Petauke-SLNP Route Petauke North to SLNP-Mfuwe

*Mfuwe>Msoro>Katete Route  NEW- 8/07  should appear in next T4A map. ****

               Zambia Msoro Tracks.kmz

*Munyamadzi Corridor Route Mfuwe thru SLNP to the Munyamadzi Corridor and up the escarpment to the Great East Rd

*SLNP-NLNP Route Mfuwe –Nsefu- Luambe – NLNP-up the escarpment to the Great North Rd.

       Possible variations- reach opposite NLNP and continue North thru GMA to Malawi or around   

         to Isoka. Both not recorded on T4A

*Possible Ecotrail ---Luano Valley Route-- via Great East Road to Luano Valley- on to 

         Mkushi/Wonder Gorge/Kabwe  in process of determining viability of this route

         ?? is there an extension to be found?? Luano Valley>W. Petauke GMA>Luangwa Valley

               get Topo maps

Other routes

*Livingstone-Kafue-Lusaka Route

*Livingstone-Kafue-Chimfunshi(Chimp Orphanage)

          Or Loop from North Gate Kafue return thru Mushingashi Game Conservancy And  

          Hippo Pools to Lusaka

*Mana Pools(World Heritage site) in Zimbabwe is an easy extension crossing at Chirundu

             or at Kariba Dam- One vehicle ok 

         Check out this blog on Mana Pools and Chitake Spgs.


          Makuti lies some 296 kilometres north of Harare on the main highway to Chirundu and the Zambian border and is the last petrol station before entering Mana Pools. The National Parks Marongora office is 16 kilometres beyond Makuti and all visitors to Mana must stop and obtain entry permits before proceeding.

Six kilometres beyond that and at the foot of the Zambezi escarpment, turn right onto a gravel road. Follow this road some 30 kilometres to Nyakasikana Gate. Thereafter it is 42 kilometres to the main office at Nyamepi Camp.

Visitors are advised to drive with caution, as the road is very rough.  

The Nyamepi Camp camping area located along the Zambezi River is situated near the Mana Pools National Park reception office. There are ablution blocks nearby with hot and cold running water, flush toilets and laundry basins. Visitors can buy firewood at the reception office, and each campsite has a braai area. On the old river terraces, tourists can walk unaccompanied by guides in the open Albida woodland because visibility is good and there is little danger of unexpectantly coming across dangerous animals. This privilege of walking alone in an area with dangerous wildlife is unique in Zimbabwe. Elephant, eland, buffalo, impala, waterbuck, baboons, monkeys, zebra, warthog and hippo are some of the larger herbivores to be seen regularly. Lions, leopards, spotted hyaena and cheetah are present in the area, but their secretive nature makes them more difficult to see. Despite this, it is not often that the visitor leaves Mana Pools without seeing at least one of these large carnivores.

Fishing Visitors can fish in the Zambezi River.

Lion Tracking  Lion research project at Mana Pools. Six prides of lions are collared with radio transmitters as part of a research project and visitors can join Parks staff as they track the radio collared lions on foot. Visitors are guaranteed a close view of the lions in most instances. This activity is unique and also assists in data collection for research projects. It cost a R 100 per person and the income goes towards the lion research fund.

*Mkushi-Wonder Gorge- Mulungushi Dam- Kabwe -  One vehicle should be fine                         

*Shiwa N’gandu/Kapishya Hot Springs-Mutinondo-Lavushi Mandu NP-Bangwuelu- 

            Kasanka NP-Kundalila Falls

* I wish I could suggest some routes to include the far Northern section-rich in water falls, or a route from Kalambo Falls to Isoka towards Malawi and South along the Luangwa to NLNP, but have been only to Mpulunga, Kasama-Lake Tanganyika-Kalambo Falls-b4 entering Tanz.      


For those will little confidence in their jalopy and from the benefit of my experiences

    Most upmarket camps do their own work-go to only as last resort in remote areas/no traffic

You can find Mechanics- I have had the privilege of using

    Lusaka- several in the industrial section West of Cairo Rd and North of M9

            Toyota south of roundabout at Cairo and  Great East Rd.

                    Bundu Auto Repairs & Services on Kachidza Road, off Lumumba Road, close to Hooligans and the timberyard; contact Musa on cell: 096 287633
    Petauke—gov’t repair shop on the left 30-40 metres off the Main road,  B4 the loop and market area

                      Local Mechanic-next to Zulu Kraal on the Lusaka-Chipata Hwy

    Wildlife and Flatdogs will let their mecs do work as time allows from their own vehicles

    Mfuwe- off the road to Wildlife and Kapani 270 metres down from the Mfuwe gate-airport rd.

           turn North into the plot, local mechanic- Wenceslous Banda


    Mfuwe- Mfuwe Hardy Engineering - specialising in vehicle maintenance and repair

          Owner/Chief Mechanic- Raphael Bhanda

    Mpika – there is a surprising well equipped company shop to be found here

    Kasama- gov’t shop- need a map to place it

    Livingstone- Foleys **** good mech, source of replacement landy parts- and 4x4 rentals

                         Bennett Engineering (PO Box 60126; tel/fax: 03 321611; email: at 2671 Mutelo Road (off MOT Road), who service most of the tour-operator vehicles in town. Although both are generally very busy, they are your best bet for more serious problems and employ the most qualified mechanics

    Vic Falls Zimbabwe- **UTC company shop- see shop manager --parts shipped in by Swift from

                          Bulawayo  overnite (pre2001) I have crossed to Livingstone to purchase parts. UTC uses 

                          Toyotas for their safari vehicles.                           

                          Allen(Fats)- for series landy repairs, uses local mechanics-a few yards down from   UTC and share property with veggie and fruit wholesaler-get     estimate 1st and  Watch them.

Marula Puku- North Luangwa Conservation Project Hdqtrs- well equipped park mechanic shop- having your own spares is a necessity, although they did fabricate a part for me-access via track several kms to south of the East end of the Lubungo runway. They most likely will not be pleased to have you pitch up there. So, do this only if there is absolutely no other option available. 


I am still not adjusted to this idea of a sat phone- mainly because my safaris are lengthy, operating on a budget, and the security issues of having too many visible gadgets. But if you need that peace of mind, rent or buy one. Recommended to rent for trips 1 month or less where your schedule and remoteness are issues. A few of the vehicle rental companies rent them. Some members of T4A and Overland will rent these too.


For Americans, Australians and Canadians, get a personal locator beacon and register it when a sat phone seems over the top to you, too much equipment or that you will be on extended safari to deal with the costs. When your itinerary, contacts and any ‘save my ass in the bush’ plans are registered(in the USA, registration and changes in itinerary are via the internet), as an emergency solution for quick rescue, this maybe a brilliant alternative. Once activated, your contacts in your country maybe alerted to your emergency and location within 7 minutes. Then it’s a matter of organizing a rescue- the real hitch to this. You must give your contacts a start on this. No formal rescue organizations/infrastructure exists in Zambia to my knowledge, as is common at home or SA.  So I recommend a plb when you can email your contacts your present position and future proposed itinerary modifications like route, accommodations, camping plans, and approximate time frame involved. 


Along the lines of a plb, is a new item called SPOT. It appears to be a better solution then a plb. I make no recommendations with this until I have more information.


I have just been informed that SPOT coverage does not include Sub Sahara Africa at this time. Rumor has it SPOT plans on putting a ground station in South Africa sometime in the future-- no date given.

For additional and current information on how to kit out your vehicle, routes, recommendations on campsites, even parks, where to buy, radio communications, how to …, anything to do with overlanding in 4x4’s; visit  . Search the archives there and join the overland email list and ask your questions(or just be a lurker). 


For information on T4A maps -digital maps, mapping and gps units - T4A mailing list.  , and ask your questions.


Bicycling Zambia


 Suggested Guide Books

       Bradt Travel Guide – Zambia

       Lonely Planet Zambia


2007, an international travel magazine put out its inaugural edition dedicated entirely to Zambia, Travel Zambia. The initial issues look quite promising.       www.travelzambiamag,com


Zambia Park Fees

ZAWA has announced there will be a change in park fees for 2008:



Self drive (Residents/Non

residents (US$)

Residents/SADC Nationals (US$)

Int'l (US$)

       Bed levy






Lower Zambezi





South Luangwa















I was able to find out that ZAWA had increased the operator's fixed monthly bed levy payment and the daily bed levy per guest per nite to $25 in NLNP. This doesn't apply to campers but will put an additional sting in the cost of accomodation to those staying in lodges and bush camps inside the parks. The Bed levy rate was increased at most of the parks. So inquire to any hidden fees like the bed levy if you are not sleeping in your own tent.



1. Park Entry Fees

National Park



Self Drives(Residents/Non-Residents) US$


SADC Nationals (US$)

Bed Levy


Category A






South Luangwa


30/person/day including passengers




Lower Zambezi





North Luangwa
















Category B

Citizens    (K)

Residents  (K)

Non- Residents (US$)







children 1/2





















Category C:






Other Parks













Category D:






School Parties






Locally Registered (K)

Foreign Registered (US$)








Citizens/Residents (K)

Non-Residents  (US$)







Vehicle < 3 tones net wt



Vehicle > tones net wet




Citizens    (K)


US $

Established Residents  (K)

Commercial Filming & sound recording




Professional Tour Guides License




Apprentice Professional Tour Guides License






 A day means the period from 06:00 hours to 18:00 hours (6:00AM to 6:00 PM);

  A child under the age of five years shall not pay for entry into any National Park.  Children aged five years and above, but under thirteen years, shall pay 50% of the above rates;

  A Canoe trip shall consist of a maximum of 3 canoes (i.e. 2 clients’ canoe and 1 guide’s canoe);


Entry into a national park is at your own risk.  However, here are the safety tips and regulations to follow in order to enjoy your visit to any national park in Zambia:

v  Any person entering a national park shall have a valid entry permit issued at the point of entry or at the ZAWA Head Office or Park Headquarters;

v  Entry and Exit from the national park is only permitted at designated entry/exit points;

v  When passing through a national park on a public road, declare at the point of entry and point of exit any firearm, ammunition or explosive in your possession;

v  Entry into or exit from a National Park or leaving a defined area around a lodge or camp within a national park during dark hours is prohibited;

v  Do not alight from a motor vehicle or boat except at a lodge or designated picnic site or bird hide, or except on walking safari;

v  Travelling on a bicycle or motor cycle in a National park is prohibited;

v  Ensure that your vehicle has a very good silencing system or exhaust so as to minimize noise inside the park;

v  Unnecessary sounding of the car horn is prohibited;

v  Off road driving is an offence;

v  Observe the speed limit of 50km/h or any other speed limit;

v  Caravans ad trailers are not allowed inside a national park except with written permission from the Director General;

v  Use of a boat is prohibited, except with written permission from the Director General or by way of a permit;

v  Flying an aircraft over a national park is limited to a height of 300m above the ground unless when lawfully landing or taking off from a licensed aerodrome or airfield within a national park;

v  Aircraft landing inside a national park is by written permission from the Director General and upon payment of prescribed landing fees;

v  Except with written permission from the Director General, no person shall erect any building or structure, construct any roads or tracks or carryout any land alteration or improvements inside a national park;

v  Cutting or destroying vegetation inside a national park is an offence;

v  Picnic fires are only allowed at designated picnic or camping sites;

v  Removal of wild animals whether dead or alive, any trophy, vegetation or any object of prehistoric, archaeological, historical or scientific interest from a national park, or from one part of the national park to another, is prohibited;

v  Do not drive away a predator from a kill;

v  Do not feed wild animals;

v  Fishing in a national park without an angling permit is an offence;

v  Commercial photographing and sound recording is permitted with a valid photographing and sound recording license;

v  Playing laud music inside a national park is an offence;

v  Do not chase away or provoke wild animals or cause alarm or annoyance to any wild animals;

v  Avoid littering;

v  Any trading or business inside a national park is with written permission from the Director General;

v  The Wildlife Police Officer within a national park is acting on behalf of the Director General and the state, please obey his lawful instructions;

v  Wildlife Police Officers may mount a road block on any road, please oblige;

v  Any violation of these regulations is tantamount to conviction.

Zambia allows completely open vehicles in the Nat'l Parks

Parks, Reserves, and Other Protected Areas in Zambia